How do aquifers form?

Aquifers are formed over long periods of time through geological processes. They typically begin as percolation of water through porous materials such as sand, gravel, or rock formations. As rainwater or melting snow seeps into the ground, it finds its way into spaces between particles. Over time, accumulated water forms a groundwater reservoir within these porous formations. Aquifers can also be formed by ancient river deposits or through the dissolution of soluble rocks like limestone. These underground water storage systems are crucial sources of freshwater for human consumption, agriculture, and the overall environment. However, they require careful management and protection to ensure their sustainability.
This mind map was published on 20 November 2023 and has been viewed 13 times.

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