The Schrödinger equation is a fundamental equation in quantum mechanics that describes the behavior of quantum particles. It was formulated by Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger in 1925. This equation mathematically represents the wave-like nature of particles and provides a way to calculate the probability distribution of a particle's position or momentum at a given time. It involves the concept of a wavefunction, which is a mathematical function that describes the quantum state of a particle. The Schrödinger equation allows us to understand and predict the behavior and properties of quantum systems, such as atoms, molecules, and subatomic particles, thus playing a crucial role in the field of quantum mechanics.

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