The transformations of Galileo, also known as Galilean transformations, are a set of mathematical equations that describe the relationships between two different reference frames in classical mechanics. These transformations were developed by the Italian scientist Galileo Galilei in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. They describe how the position, velocity, and time measurements of an object appear to an observer in different reference frames that are moving relative to one another at constant velocities. The Galilean transformations do not account for the effects of relativistic speeds or gravitational fields and are only applicable to low speeds and small distances. Nonetheless, these transformations laid the foundation for Newtonian mechanics and greatly contributed to our understanding of motion and the principles of classical physics.

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