There are various methods employed to extract groundwater, depending on factors such as geological conditions and the depth of the water table. The most common method is drilling wells, which involves drilling deep into the ground until the aquifer is reached. This can be done manually through hand-dug wells or using mechanical drilling equipment. Another method is using tube or driven wells, where a pipe or casing is driven into the ground. These types of wells are typically used in areas with shallow water tables. Additionally, in areas with high water tables, surface water can be diverted into infiltration galleries or recharge wells to replenish groundwater levels. Other methods include using pumps such as submersible or suction pumps to draw water from the aquifer to the surface. These methods are essential for accessing groundwater and providing a vital source of water for various purposes including domestic, agricultural, and industrial use.