What are the causes of spina bifida?

Spina bifida is a congenital birth defect that occurs when the neural tube, which develops into the spinal cord and brain, does not properly close during fetal development. There are several potential causes for spina bifida, although the exact cause is not always known. One known cause is a lack of folic acid, a B vitamin that plays a crucial role in the development of the neural tube. Other factors that can increase the risk of spina bifida include a family history of the condition, maternal obesity, certain medications taken during pregnancy, and maternal exposure to certain chemicals or radiation. While the causes of spina bifida are not always preventable, it is recommended that women of childbearing age consume sufficient folic acid to reduce the risk.
This mind map was published on 12 February 2024 and has been viewed 11 times.

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